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Industrial Pollution Descriptive Essay Samples

Day after day, the air we breath becomes more and more polluted by industrial, household, traffic, and other kinds of emissions. Huge factories and plants, billions of cars and public transport units, technogenic catastrophes, household aerosols, and other factors cause massive air pollution, decreasing the quality of life in many countries, and negatively affects the health of their citizens. Although, during the recent several decades, there were numerous attempts to reduce or at least control the rates of air pollution, it still remains one of the primary problems humanity needs to deal with—otherwise it may ruin everything. There are some places in the world that already appear like a human-caused apocalypse aftermath: cities whose ecology in terms of air pollution is so bad that it seems impossible to live there.

According to CNN, the most air-polluted city on Earth currently is New Delhi. On Sunday, November 5th, Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal had to proclaim an emergency situation due to high levels of smog. This particular smog was caused by crop field fires in neighboring states, but even apart from this, New Delhi is a city where breathing its air is rather difficult. Due to a number of factors, such as an exponentially growing population (New Delhi has reached 25 million people), industrialization, and urbanization involving coal-fired power plants, and intense traffic with many cars fueled with diesel, it is easy to understand why New Delhi is recognized as the city with the worst air in the world. Besides, wind patterns typical for its winter period exclude proper air circulation, which contributes to making the situation worse. And now, adding to these problems, the recent fires have caused 5, schools to cancel classes for three days; the city’s biggest power plant working on coal had to be shut down for 10 days; all the construction operations in the city had to be stopped for several days as well. If the situation does not get better in the next couple of days, city authorities may have to impose vehicle restrictions. If the situation does not improve, Kejriwal might impose odd-even vehicle restrictions that would only permit driving every other day. As the Chief Minister have put it, “Pollution has increased to an extent that (the) outdoors in Delhi are resembling a gas chamber&#; (EcoWatch).

The Iranian city of Zabol is another example of a city with incredibly bad air. Located close to the border with Afghanistan, Zabol is rated by the World Health Organization to be the most polluted city in the world. The concentration of harmful particles in Zabol’s air reaches micrograms per cubic meter of air, whereas the limit considered to be safe is only about 60 micrograms. Droughts, climate change, and the loss of wetlands of Hamoun that used to surround the city in the s have caused the situation to become even worse; in particular, the wetlands protected the city from the phenomenon known as “ days of wind,” when hot and dusty winds would completely abrupt activities of Zabol’s citizens during summers. Nowadays, these dusty winds pollute the city’s air even more; besides, the loss of Hamoun wetlands has caused a dramatic increase in the amount of respiratory infections among citizens: tuberculosis, for instance, have become one of the most drastic and common problems of Zabol (WorldAtlas).

Or, meet Linfen, which used to be the most air-polluted city in the world several years ago. Located in China, Linfen suffers from severe automotive and industrial emissions. In particular, Linfen has a huge number of coal mines located within and nearby it, and the coal industry is definitely not even close to being ecology-friendly. Even though legally-established mines follow regulations regarding air pollution, there are many illegal coal mines as well, which completely ignore not only labor safety precautions, but also recommendations and restrictions regarding harmful emissions. As a result, the air in Linfen is the most toxic air in the world. Besides, it is China, which means lots of people are living in Linfen; it is easy to assume that the number of automobiles and other vehicles operating within the city is huge, and so are the polluting emissions from them (SCGH).

There are many other cities in the world suffering from bad air, and most of them are located in Asia. This is easy to explain: Asia is industrious, rapidly developing, and is inhabited by an incredible amount of people; at the same time, not all Asian countries have adopted environmentally-friendly laws, or enabled the mechanisms of control over harmful emissions. For the same reason, one can find extremely air-polluted cities in Africa as well. However, as it can be seen, such cities as New Delhi, Zabol, or Linfen suffer the most, perhaps. The reasons are more or less common: enormous populations, intense automotive traffic, growing industries, environmental factors, and disasters. In particular, in Zabol, the situation has worsened with the disappearing of wetlands that had been protecting the city from dusty desert winds; in New Delhi, the current situation is on the brink of catastrophe because of crop fires in neighboring states. Linfen’s problems come mostly from a number of illegal coal mines surrounding the city that do not observe restrictions and rules regarding harmful emissions. The situation in these and other cities with similar circumstances must be constantly monitored, and a number of steps must be taken to improve the quality of air and decrease pollution.

Works Cited

  1. &#;World&#;s Most Polluted City, Air Quality Levels Literally Off the Charts.&#; EcoWatch. N.p., 08 Nov. Web. 10 Nov.
  2. &#;The Most Polluted Cities in the World.&#; WorldAtlas. N.p., 27 May Web. 10 Nov.
  3. &#;The Cleanest and the Most Polluted Cities in the World.&#; SCGH. N.p., 07 Apr. Web. 10 Nov.
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One of the most common essay topics is the issue of environmental pollution. We can find many examples of works on it that have been done before, so it might be pretty hard to discuss it and discover something new.

Anyway, there is no reason for disappointment. Please, find an example of the essay on the pollution problem that can be used as a guide for your future works on this topic.

Essay on a Pollution Problem

Environmental pollution is one of the main threats for our planet. Pollution destroys the living environment and endangers human existence on Earth. No doubt, the economy finds many benefits in technological development. However, toxic emissions due to the work of factories, transportation, construction sites pollute the environment substantially. As the environmental pollution is a broad topic consisting of many sub-issues, there may be many approaches to building the consistent pollution essay. For instance, the pollution essay may concentrate on the various types of pollution, like sound pollution (noise pollution), water pollution, air pollution, soil pollution etc. Each paragraph of the essay will describe the separate type of the environmental pollution. Another suggestion is writing the pollution essay that highlights the consequences of pollution problems including the global warming effect, natural resources extinction, health problems of people and animals, the destruction of natural ecosystems, etc. The essay may also describe the causes of the pollution problems. Each paragraph, then, will be dedicated to one of the five main causes: industrial and technological development, transportation, agricultural activities, trading activities, and residences of people. Once you have selected the issue for the essay, you may draft the outline and move on to the analysis of the research and literature. The statistical data and approaches to pollution examination transform and improve over the time. So it is significant that you base your essay on credible and up-to-date sources. You may also look online for the essay sample on the pollution topic. However, you are encouraged to perform the research and develop your own paper first. The essay sample may be used as a practical tool and the structural example to follow.

Pollution Essay Sample

The population of our planet is increasing constantly. The population growth, unfortunately, has many adverse effects, one of which is the pollution problems. Pollution is a process of contaminating the environment in a way that it becomes unsafe to use. The contamination usually occurs through the chemical substances; however is not limited to tangible effects. The pollution can also take the form of the light, sound (noise pollution), or heat. The effects of pollution are devastative. The report of the NGO Pure Earth suggests that one of the seven deaths occurs due to pollution. Another comparison shows that pollution kills 60% more people than malaria, HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis combined. In this light, it is important to explore the various types of pollution and its effects on the environment and human beings.

One of the pivotal issues nowadays is the water pollution. The enlargement of the population means more trash and garbage. The rubbish dumps decay and the toxic substances permeate the soil going to the rivers and oceans. Moreover, tons of garbage are thrown directly into the water. There are even special islands for garbage in the oceans.

Even though the technological development offers various approaches to garbage utilization, most of the poor countries do not utilize innovative technologies. Thus, pollution becomes the leading cause of death in underdeveloped low-income countries. Nevertheless, water is contaminated not only due to regular garbage utilization. The plants, factories and mills are the key pollutants of the water. The process water from factories goes to the rivers and seas in neighborhood areas. In some rivers, the water is contaminated to the critical level and is banned from using. The fish and living environment of natural ecosystems are contaminated by dangerous chemicals that causes either the death of the entire ecosystems or hurts the consumers of the contaminated products (seafood, fish, water, salt).

Additionally, water is polluted by pesticides and fertilizations used in agriculture. The devastating effects of water pollution may be decelerated by installing the water purification mechanisms at factories and plants. These efforts should be promoted and enhanced on the governmental level. Moreover, states should develop the global programs of the environment protection as the problem is not limited to a particular territory or state. It is a universal hazard that requires combined efforts.

Another big humanity’s challenge is air pollution. Air consists of nitrogen, oxygen, water vapor and inert gases. When the typical structure of air is altered, we can observe the effects of air pollution. The primary reason of air contamination is the effect of the burning fuels. The smoke floats in the air and most people breath it in. Further, it affects the health resulting in respiratory diseases, cancers and other problems. Another type of air pollutants are dangerous gases, such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, and chemical vapors. Those gases undergo the reactions in the higher atmosphere layers and return to the surface in the form of the dangerous chemicals (acid rains) that ruin the living environment. Moreover, carbon dioxide and sulfur dioxide create the so-called “greenhouse effect” when the radiation is absorbed while the heat is prevented from escaping. It is a natural process.

However, the high concentration of the gases makes Earth warmer and affects the natural processes on the planet. Thus, air pollution is one of the contributors to the global warming.


One of the least discussed problems is sound pollution. People tend to underestimate this problem because it is not possible to smell, see or touch it. However, noise pollution also has negative effects on the environment and people. The research shows that many illnesses are connected to noise pollution, such as hearing loss, high blood pressure, coronary heart disease and speech interference. The industrial noises also affect the lives of animals. For example, whales’ navigation system breaks down due to the sounds of ships. Besides, the industrial noise makes wild species communicate louder which requires additional efforts and decreases their life spans.

The growth of population and technological progress have imprints on the ecological stage of Earth. The extraction of natural sources, work of factories and plants, and other products of human activity result in various environmental problems. The pollution of water, air and sound have extremely negative effects on our environment. The effects of the pollution include acid rains, detrimental diseases and illnesses of people and animals, and global warming. The environmental pollution is the global problem that calls for radical actions for environment protection and rehabilitation. More than that, the problem should be resolved on a global level by the united efforts of the global community.

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