Palok Dance Definition Essay
Cordillera - Dictionary of EnglishOnline Language Dictionaries
cor•dil•le•ra (kôr′dl yâr′ ə, -âr′ ə, kôr dil′ ər ə), USA pronunciation n.
WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English ©
- Geography a chain of mountains, usually the principal mountain system or mountain axis of a large landmass.
- Latin chorda ); see cord
- Spanish, derivative of cordilla, diminutive of cuerda string, mountain range (
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::cordillera / ˌkɔːdɪlˈjɛərə / n
- a series of parallel ranges of mountains, esp in the northwestern US
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Cordillera Basket WeavingCordillera Basket Weaving
Essay Cordillera Basket Weaving and over other 27,+ free term papers, essays and research papers examples are available on the website!
Autor: people • October 1, • Essay • 1, Words (5 Pages) • 1, Views
Other arts that use weaving techniques are basketry, as well as the making of hats and fans. The Cordilleras are rich in baskets for all purposes, reflecting occupational needs related to rice planting on the mountain terraces, hunting in the forests and fishing in the streams. Their backpack or pasiking for instance, is not only an example of good design but is also structured to support the human frame. Aside from baskets and containers related to hunting and agricultural activities, there are also many kinds of bamboo fish traps with shapes and sizes to suit the different species of fish found in the rivers.
The ubiquitous basket perhaps best captures the unique way of life of the agricultural people of the Luzon Cordillera, the central mountain range in the northern Philippines. This volume is illustrated with color photographs of 50 baskets and related items such as trays, hats, and fish traps, as well as numerous historical and contemporary images of these baskets in daily use. These are stunning pieces of work: an Ifugao hunter's backpack is covered with water-repellent abnut fibers that make it look like a shaggy gray yak, while a tightly woven sepia-colored basket has a lizard decoration that looks real enough to crawl away.
Among our most ancient arts is pottery, which combines design and function. The Manunggul Jar excavated in Palawan is evidence of the high artistic level which the art attained in an ancient times. This large burial jar has a cover which features tow men rowing a boat, suggesting the belief of the early Filipinos in an afterlife that one reaches after crossing a mythical body of water. Around its body is an incised geometric pattern of lines and dots. Extant examples of early Philippine pottery show a wide variety of shapes and decorative techniques, such an incision, stippling, appliqué, openwork and impression by rope and mat. Their designs were usually geometric with stylized nature motifs. Later, pottery became more and more functional, principal examples of which are the palayok for cooking, the banga and the tapayan for storing liquids. In the Ilocos, the making of burnay pottery continues as a lively tradition.
Weaving also originated in precolonial times and is one of our most precious living traditions. The Cordillera groups of the North are well-known for their art of weaving. The blankets and articles of clothing that they produce by means of the backstrap loom not only fulfill a practical function but also play a part in religion and ritual. This tradition spills over into the adjacent Ilocos provinces which take pride in their sturdy abel weave. In Mindanao, the T'boli of Cotabato weave abaca cloth called t'nalak in a difficult tie-dye process. This cloth has a large repertoire of motifs, such as the g'mayaw bird, whose rhythms create the feeling of flapping wings; the frog which signifies fertility; and the dancing man which calls for rain. These motifs attest to the T'boli's deep-seated sense of the harmony of man and nature.
Weaving techniques are also used in the exquisite mats with vivid colors and intricate geometric designs woven by the women of Sulu, particularly from the islands of Laminusa and Siasi. In the Visayas, Samar and Leyte are known for their colorful mats with bird and flower designs. The large mats meant for family use imply strong familial values.
Other arts that use weaving techniques are basketry, as well as the making of hats and fans. The Cordilleras
Philippine Dances Cordillera
C ordillera. a name given by the Spanish Conquistadors when they first saw the mountain ranges. Meaning "knotted rope", the Spanish term refers to the jumbled rolls and dips of this long-range traversing the northern part of Luzon Island.
Today, if one is to generalize one of the six ethno-linguistic tribes as an "Igorot" is considered degrading. Living amidst the rice terraces that tower over Northern Luzon are a people whose way of life existed long before any Spaniard or other foreigners stepped foot on the Philippines. The Bontoc, Ifugao, Benguet, Apayo, and the Kalinga tribes reign over Luzon's mountain terrain.
They are pagan people, living simple lives to appease their gods. Their rituals celebrate their daily lives - a good harvest, health, peace, war, and other symbols of living. Such traditions have survived the changing scope of the Philippines and the tribes continue to maintain their cultures that are a part of the colorful cultural fabric known as Philippine culture.
"Banga" literally mean pots. The Banga or pot dance is a contemporary performance of Kalinga of the Mountain Province in the Philippines. This dance illustrate the languid grace of a tribe otherwise known as fierce warriors . Heavy earthen pots, as many as seven or eight at a time, are balanced on the heads of maidens as they trudge to the beat of the "gangsa" or wind chimes displaying their stamina and strength as they go about their daily task of fetching water and balancing the banga.
Origin: Benguet Province, Northern Luzon
Also popularly called Bendian, this circle dance of the Benguet of Mountain Province is restaged, keeping true to the dance's context and meaning. Long known as a dance to celebrate the arrival of successful headhunters, the Bendayan has taken a new face. It is part of every Benguet festivity with the circles slowly giving way to other formations and interpretations.
Lumagen / Tachok
When the Kalinga gather to celebrate a happy occasion like the birth of a first-born baby boy, a wedding, or a budong (peace pact), the Kalinga Festival Dance (Tachok) is performed. This is danced by the Kalinga maiden. The dance imitates birds flying in the air. Music is provided by gangsa, or gongs, which are usually in a group of six or more.
The Salidsid is the Kalinga courtship dance, performed by a male and female (and thus is sometimes called the "cayoo" dance). The dance starts when each of the dancers are given a pice of cloth called ayob or allap. Usually the most important people in the village are the second to dance after the host has signified that the occasion is formally open. The background and meaning in this dance is evident. The male simulates a rooster trying to attract the attention of a hen while the female imitates the movements of a hen being circled by a rooster.
Tribes in the mountain provinces of Luzon preserve their identity, customs and lore. Their dances celebrate important events in life such as birth, wedding, victory in war and thanksgiving. A Kalinga wedding dance is an important celebration. The bridegroom offers the bride the protection and comfort of his blanket. He simulates the movements of a rooster at love play, aspiring to attract and seize his love. The bride's friends are ready to help prepare the bride by offering "bangas" (earthen pots) filled with fresh water from the mountain spring.
Cordillera dictionary definitionSentence Examples
- When the attempt was made to mark this boundary the commissioners were unable to agree on a line across the Puna de Atacama in the north, where parallel ranges enclosing a high arid plateau without any clearly defined drainage to the Atlantic or Pacific, gave an opportunity for conflicting claims. In the south the broken character of the Cordillera. pierced in places by large rivers flowing into the Pacific and having their upper drainage basins on the eastern side of the line of highest crests, gave rise to unforeseen and very difficult questions.
- The Cordillera. which bounds them on the west, is formed of folded beds, while the Sierras which rise in their midst, consist mainly of gneiss, granite and schist.
- In the western Sierras, which are more or less closely attached to the main chain of the Cordillera. Cambrian and Silurian fossils have been found at several places.
- Elsewhere the plants generally indicate a higher horizon and are considered to correspond with the Rhaetic of Europe_ Jurassic beds are known only in the Cordillera itself, and the Cretaceous beds, which occur in the west of the country, are of freshwater origin.
- As far west, therefore, as the Cordillera. there is no evidence that any part of the region was ever beneath the sea in Mesozoic times, and the plant-remains indicate a land connexion with Africa.
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FolkDances of the Philippines Traditions and Heritage - Luzon Region We Shall Never Forget our Heritage LUZON -- Consisting of the tribes such as Ifugao, Benquet, Kalinga, Bontoc, Apayo, Kalinga, sometimes these are call Igorot. "But sometimes that is considered degrading." Cordillera name also used for some parts the Luzon Region Northern most regions of the Philippines, Luzon gets its Cultural influence from Hindu-Buddhist, Spanish and many ethnic religious tribes. All with differences and beliefs. But in all the Cultural and FolkDances from this region represents all different factions in one way or the other. Dances of Luzon * Dance: Idaw This dance sometimes has many names and different versions. Most common is this dance depicts the hunting ritual performed before a tribal war. The tribes’ men would go out and look up and watch for the scared Idaw bird which is said to lead the tribe to victory. Also look at the clothing, Philippines being a very hot climate, plus the use of as little material as possible, the traditional clothing was not made to cover much of the body. *Dance: Banga This dance displays the Igorot women on their way to the river to fetch the daily water supply for their families. It shows the skill and strength of the women as they would carry