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The Sinners In The Hands Of An Angry God Essays

An Analysis of “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”

Jonathan Edwards’s sermons were preached during the period of Great Awakening, a time of religious revival. In his sermons, Edwards used a variety of persuasive techniques, including vibrant images and simple metaphors to persuade sinners to repent.
One of the images that Edwards powerfully delivered to make people turn from their sinful ways is the comparison of God’s wrath to “great waters,” which after being continually contained, rise up and have the potential of destroying the people with a great fury; that is, if God chooses to open the floodgate. Another particularly striking image compares God’s wrath to a “bow” that is bent, with the arrow ready to pierce the heart of the sinner. Edwards used both of these images to convey the power of God to the people, many of whom were illiterate, and could not understand complex words. The people, whose lives were simple, had a respect for the land and the water, including its potentially violent nature, because they lived off the land. Additionally, the listeners knew firsthand the tautness of a ready-to-fire bow. They knew it would take considerable strength to hold an arrow very long once it was aimed at the target. They knew all too well that a well-aimed arrow hitting its target, the heart, meant instant death.
Through the effective use of metaphors, Edwards made comparisons to peoples’ everyday lives. He preached that their state of wickedness was as “heavy as lead” and therefore, pulling them down straight toward Hell. He was quick to say that salvation could not be obtained on their “righteousness alone.” He compared their chances of getting into Heaven on their own “contrivance” to the likelihood that “a spider’s web would have to stop a fallen rock.” This analogy, like many others presented throughout his sermon, was meant to show the depth and magnitude of the peoples’ sin, and their complete dependence on the Almighty God.
Edwards presented an image of God’s wrath hanging over the people as “black clouds.” If God chose to come with fury, like a whirlwind, they would be like the “chaff of the summer threshing floor.” Again, Edwards related to the people an idea to which they could identify on a daily basis. All people knew that with the bountiful harvest, comes the rot and decay of unharvested grain.
In analyzing that God held sinners over the pit of Hell, much as “one holds a spider, or some loathsome insect over the fire,” Edwards was wanting to make Hell real for the listeners. Just as the people who lived off the land, would often torch a vile or poisonous snake, so would
God let them burn because he despised their sin and vile nature.
In modern society, as in the days of the Great Awakening, some people would pay attention to Edwards’ message, and some would not. Today, as in the days of the Puritans, there are those who would make application of Edwards’s figurative descriptions, including vibrant images and simple metaphors, to their everyday lives. They wholeheartedly want to do what is right and reach Heaven as their final goal. Therefore, the “fear of the unknown” remains a valid technique to persuade people to do some act, or to refrain from that act, based on the laws of God and man. Most people would agree that a certain amount of fear is good for man because it instills in him a certain amount of discipline. We cannot, however, let fear overtake us. Oftentimes, the “fear factor” is dangled in front of people to persuade them to buy a complex security system for protection from the “boogie-man,” take a certain vitamin for health and longevity, buy a particular car for its safety, and vote for a particular political party because it will keep you safe from terror, just to name a few. The bottom line: Listen to Jonathan Edwards. Fear sells today, just as it always did. It will sell tomorrow. Make an informed choice and buy some. Avoid Hell.

Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God by Jonathan Edwards Essay

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Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God by Jonathan Edwards

Jonathan Edwards grew up in an atmosphere of strict puritan discipline. He became a very religious and devout believer at an early age, and excelled in academics, entering Yale University at the age of thirteen. Many years later he became the pastor of a church that grew with his teachings. His lifestyle reflected his teachings and was a well respected man. His sermons spoke directly at many people and he impacted many lives despite the monotone he used when delivering his sermon. He had a strong desire to revert back to the old strict puritan ways of living, and took part in leading a spiritual revival called the Great Awakening.…show more content…

He also uses personification to further illustrate hell by describing the wrath of God as "hell's wide gaping mouth open" (pg. 72), or describing the greatness of our wickedness that "the world would spew you out" (pg. 72). He also uses repetition when describing God's wrath. He mentions is over and over again throughout the entire sermon, giving it different horrifying descriptions each time, enough to instill fear in the hearts of his audience.

Even though Edward did not include any biblical references to his sermon, he did use some biblical allusions, partly was because the puritans during that time grew up memorizing and studying the bible and did not need another reminder of certain references. Such allusions include "the most hateful venomous serpent" (pg. 73), which represents man's first sin, where the serpent in the Garden of Eden tempts Eve to eat from the tree of the knowledge of good an evil. Another example would be "washed them from their sins in his own blood", which refers to Jesus' blood when crucified on the cross that took the punishment for our sins.

Another effective way that Edward structured his message was the progressive use of similes. He starts off with describing the

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