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National Animal Tiger Essay In Tamil

Tiger is a largest animal of cat species having unique pattern of dark vertical stripes on its reddish-orange fur. We have provided below various essay on tiger in order to help students. Now-a-days, essays and paragraphs writing competitions are common strategy followed by the teachers in the schools and colleges in order to enhance the skill and knowledge of students about any topic. All the tiger essay given below are written using very simple words under various words limit according to the need and requirement of students. So, they can select any of the essays according to their need and requirement:

Essay on Tiger

Tiger Essay 1 ( words)

The zoological name of tiger (national animal) is Panthera tigris. It is a carnivorous animal which comes under the category of mammal as it gives birth to a child. It belongs to the cat family as a largest living member. It is found all around Asia especially in the countries like Bhutan, China, India, and Siberia. Bengal tigers are generally found in Sundarbans (watery jungle) located in Bangladesh and West Bengal including other south-east Asian countries. They are found in various colors especially white, blue and orange with black stripes. Black stripes on their upper body help them to hide away while hunting. Each and every tiger has different pattern of stripes on their body.

Tiger Essay 2 ( words)

Tiger is a National animal of India. It has been declared as the national animal of country because of its royal look. It is very famous and strong animal known for its grace, power and agility. It is an Asiatic carnivorous animal zoologically named as Panthera tigris. There are various species and subspecies of the tigers are found all over the world. Tiger is an endangered species of the animal however few are left (according to the world tiger census) all over the world which we have to conserve in any way in order to save their life on the earth. Government of India has run a program named “Project Tiger” in April in order to maintain the position of continuously decreasing tiger population in India. It is the matter of happiness that because of the Project Tiger campaign, the population of tigers in India is in a comfortable position.

Tiger Essay 3 ( words)

Tiger is a national animal which belongs to the cat family. Scientific name of tiger is Panthera tigris. It is known as the largest animal in the cat family. It is found in various colors such as orange, white and blue having black stripes. Each and every tiger has different black stripes on their body. They may be different outside however their underside of abdomen becomes white. Bengal Tigers were originated in Siberia however they migrated to south because of the colder climate. Now, the natural heritage of the Royal Bengal Tiger is India. Bengal Tigers can be 7 to 10 feet long and to lbs weight.

They vary in size and weight depending on the subspecies and places they found. Siberian tigers are considered as the largest tigers. Females are considered to be little smaller than the males. Few decades ago, tigers were endangering continuously however because of an Indian campaign “Project Tiger”, the condition of tigers in India is in control. Earlier they were hunted very heavily by the man for the purposes like sports, traditional medical products, etc. &#;Project Tiger&#; was initiated by the government of India in April in order to get control over their number. The main threats to the tiger’s life are deforestation means habitat loss and population fragmentation.

Tiger Essay 4 ( words)

Tiger is a wild animal which has been declared as the national animal of India by the Indian government. It is considered as the cruelest wild animal to which everyone has fear of. It is a very strong animal which can jump to the long distance. It looks very calm however very clever and can suddenly grab its prey from the long distance. It becomes very fond of blood and flesh of other wild animals such cow, deer, goat, dog, rabbit, (sometimes human beings according to the chance), etc. Tigers are called as lord of Jungle as they symbolize the wildlife wealth of the country. This is an animal having the combination of strength, grace, enormous power and agility which is the big reasons of its respect and high esteem. It is estimated that almost half of the total population of tigers are living in India. However, in the last few decades, the population of tiger in India was decreasing to a extent. The Project Tiger was launched by the government of India in in order to protect the existence of this royal animal in the country.

There are almost eight races of the tiger and the Indian race named as Royal Bengal Tiger is found in almost all over the country (except north-western region). Few years after the launch of Project Tiger, it was seen a marked increase in the tiger population in India. According to the census of , the total number of tiger in the country was almost 3, Around 23 tiger reserves (covering an area of 33, sq. km) have been made under the campaign of Project Tiger throughout the country.

Tiger Essay 5 ( words)

Tiger is a wild animal and popularly known as the national animal of India. It is almost similar to the cat as it belongs to the cat family. It is known as the largest species of the cat family. It has big teeth and a long tail. It can be of various colors (such as white, blue and orange) however everyone has black stripes on their body. It can run to a long distance with huge jumps within few minutes because it has a God gifted padded feet with sharp claws. Its four teeth (two in upper and two in lower jaw) are very sharp and strong in order to grab a huge prey to fulfill its heavy food need. The length and height of a tiger can be about 8 to 10 feet and 3 to 4 feet respectively.

It is a carnivorous animal and become very fond of blood and flesh. Sometimes, it comes to the villages from the dense forests in the search of food and eat any animal even people. It makes a solid grip on its preys (such as deer, zebra and other animals) very suddenly through its strong jaws and sharp claws. Generally, it sleeps during day time and hunts during night time because of easiness in grabbing preys. Killing wild animals without the need of food is its nature and hobby which shows its strongness and being powerful in the forest in front of other animals. That’s why, it is known as very cruel and violent wild animal.

In India, tigers are commonly found in Sundarbans (Assam, West Bengal, Tripura, Central India, etc). More big sized tigers are found in the African jungles however Royal Bengal Tigers look most beautiful of all. Tiger killing has been prohibited all through the country from the time when the number of tigers was decreasing very fast. There are six living subspecies of tigers found (such as Bengal tiger, Siberian tiger, Sumatran tiger, Malayan tiger, Indo-Chinese tiger, and South-Chinese tiger) and three have been recently extinct (such as Javan tiger, Caspian tiger, and Bali tiger).

Tiger Essay 6 ( words)

Tiger is a very violent wild animal. It has been declared by the Indian government as the national animal of India. It is considered as the strongest, powerful and most beautiful animal on this planet. It lives in a dense forest however sometimes comes to the villages and other residential places in the search of food or deforestation. Siberian Tigers are generally used to live in cold places however Royal Bengal Tigers in the forest near river that’s why they know well to swim. Few decades ago, tigers were hunted by the people to a great extent for fulfilling various purposes including illegal business of its body parts like skin, bones, teeth, nail, etc. It resulted in the massive decrease in the population of tigers all over India. Tigers are also found in other countries like Bangladesh, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, China, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Malaysia, Russia, Vietnam, Bhutan, etc.

Tiger is a carnivorous animal which hunts in the night however sleeps for day. Tiger has a strong and powerful body using which it can jump up to the high length (almost 7 ft) and run up for long distance (almost 85 km/h). Black stripes on their blue, white or orange body make them really attractive and beautiful. It has naturally strong jaws, teeth and sharp claws in order to grasp its prey from long distance. It is considered as its long tail helps to maintain balance while hunting the prey. A tiger can be around 13 feet in length and kg in weight. Tigers can be recognized by their unique pattern of stripes on the upper body.

Tiger as a National Animal

Tiger was selected as the National animal of India by the government because of its power, strength, and agility. It was selected as so also because of its nice names such as king of Jungle and Royal Bengal Tiger.

What is Project Tiger

Project Tiger is a campaign run by the government of India in order to maintain the population of tiger in country. It was established in in order to save tigers from the extreme threat of extinction. This project was made to focus on the preservation of remaining tigers all over the country as well as increase their number through the breeding of species. Around 23 tiger reserves have been made throughout the country for providing the safety and natural environment to them. It was seen a marked improvement in the tiger population by in the country. However despite the increase in population, the population of tigers in the country is still not satisfactory compared to the effort and money put in the project.

Related Information:

Paragraph on Tiger

National animal of India is the Royal Bengal Tiger. This essay provides some interesting information on tiger.

Common Name: Royal Bengal Tiger

Scientific Name: Panthera tigris tigris

Adopted in:

Found in: India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka

Habitat: Grasslands, forests, mangrove vegetation

Eating Habits: Carnivorous

Average weight: Male – Kg; Female – Kg

Average Length: Male – upto 3 m; Female - upto m

Average Lifespan: years in wild

Average Speed: 60km/h

Conservation Status: Endangered (IUCN Red List)

Current number: in

Image Credit: woaknb.wz.sk

A national animal is one of the symbolic representatives of a country’s natural abundance. The choice is based on several criteria. The national animal may be selected based on how well it represents certain characteristics that a country wants to be identified with. It has to have a rich history as part of the country’s heritage and culture. The animal should be in abundance within the country. Mostly a national animal should be indigenous to that particular country and exclusive to the country’s identity. It should be a source of visual beauty. The national animal is also chosen based on the conservation status of the animal to enable better efforts towards its continued survival due to the official status. 

National animal of India is the Royal Bengal Tiger. Majestic and lethal at the same time, these are one of the most graceful carnivores among the Indian fauna. The Royal Bengal tiger is the symbol of strength, agility and grace, a combination that is unmatched by any other animal. It is representative of all these qualities as the national animal of India. Scientific name for the Royal Bengal Tiger is Panthera tigris tigris and it is the largest of the four big cats under the genus Panthera (Lion, Tiger, Jaguars and Leopards).The Royal Bengal Tiger is among the eight varieties of tigers found in India.

Scientific Classification

The scientific classification of Royal Bengal Tigers is as follows:

Kingdom:      Animalia

Phylum:       Chordata

Clade:          Synapsida

Class:          Mammalia

Order:          Carnivora

Family:         Felidae

Genus:         Panthera

Species:       Panthera tigris

Subspecies:  Panthera tigris tigris

Image Credit: woaknb.wz.sk


The tiger is found in various parts of the Indian Subcontinent including India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar and Sri Lanka. In India, it is found in most parts of the country except the north-eastern regions. They are found in the jungles of West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Odisha. India now is home to 70% of the world’s tiger population. As of a total number of adult or sub-adult tigers of years or more are present in the various tiger reserves across India. Bandipur National Park in Karnataka has the highest number of Royal Bengal Tigers at closely followed by Uttarakhand with tigers and Madhya Pradesh with


The Royal Bengal Tigers occupy several habitats in India and may be found in grasslands and dry scrub land (Ranthambore in Rajasthan), tropical and subtropical rainforests (Corbett in Uttarakhand/Periyar in Kerala), mangroves (Sunderbans), both wet and dry deciduous forests (Kanha in Madhya Pradesh/Simlipal in Odisha).

Physical Traits

Royal Bengal Tigers are one of the most handsome and regal animals found in India. They have a coat of short hair, reddish brown to golden orange in color with vertical black stripes and a white underbelly. The eye color is yellow or amber with black pupils. Royal Bengal Tigers can also have a white coat with brown or black stripes and blue eye color. The white color of the coat is due to a mutation in the gene producing pigment pheomelanin and not due to albinism. The pattern of stripes on the coat is distinctive for each tiger and helps in their identification. Royal Bengal Tigers have muscular bodies with powerful fore limbs. They have large heads with a dense growth of fur around the lower jaw and long white whiskers. They have long canines measuring upto 10 cm and large retractable claws. They have padded paws, excellent vision, keen sense of smell and hearing. 

The males grow upto 3 meters in length from nose to tail and weigh somewhere in between to Kg. The females of the species may weigh between Kg and attain a length of upto m. The largest Royal Bengal Tiger till date has weighed around Kg.

Image Credit: woaknb.wz.sk


By nature Royal Bengal tigers are solitary and generally do not form packs. They are territorial and the size of their territories depends on the abundance of prey. They generally mark their territories with urine, anal gland secretions and claw marks. The females of the species are generally accompanied by her cubs until they attain adulthood. Royal Bengal Tigers are nocturnal animals. They laze around during the day and hunt during the night. They are excellent swimmers and climb trees with much ease despite their large bodies. 

Royal Bengal Tigers are carnivores and they prey mainly on medium sized herbivores such as chital deer, sambars, nilgais, buffalos and gaurs. They also prey on smaller animals such as rabbits or monkeys. They have also been reported to prey on young elephant and rhino calves. 

These tigers use stealth to track their prey, wait till they are close to them and they pounce while aiming to overpower either by severing the spinal cord or by biting the jugular vein in the throat of the prey. The Royal Bengal tigers can eat upto 30 Kg of meat at a time and can survive for three weeks without food.

Life Cycle

Male tigers reach maturity years after birth while females attain maturity by years of age. There is no fixed season for mating. The gestation period is days and the size of the litter may be anywhere between cubs. Young male leave the mother’s territory while the female tigers establish territory close to hers.

Image Credit: woaknb.wz.sk

Threats and Conservation Efforts

Decrease of forest cover leading to loss of habitat and poaching are the two biggest threats that are driving the number of Royal Bengal Tigers towards being tagged endangered by the IUCN Red List. Increase in deforestation in order to provide shelter for the growing human population, has led to severe unavailability of appropriate territory area for the Tigers. Human population has invaded land inside the protected areas of National Parks designated as restricted. Natural calamities like cyclones Aila had wrought considerable damage to the forest and changing climate is leading to sinking of the forested land in the Sunderbans areas of West Bengal. As a consequence the tiger population is getting affected in the area.

Poaching poses another great threat towards survival of Royal Bengal Tigers in India. The illegal trade in tiger skin and huge market for tiger bones and teeth for medicinal purposes fuel these gangs of poachers. Poachers set up camps in vulnerable areas and use firearms as well as poison to overpower and subsequently kill the tigers. Despite strict anti-poaching laws in place, forest authorities continue to fail in implementing them. Rajasthan's Sariska Tiger Reserve lost all of its 26 tiger population in , mostly to poaching.

The Indian Wildlife Protection Act was brought into action in after the Royal Bengal Tiger was declared the National Animal and it enables government agencies to take strict measures so as to ensure the conservation of the Bengal tigers. Project Tiger was launched in with an aim to preserve viability of the Royal Bengal Tigers in India and increase their numbers. Currently, there are 48 dedicated tiger reserves in India, several of whom has been successful in increasing the number of tigers in the respective area due to careful monitoring of individual tigers using GIS methods. Strict anti-poaching rules and dedicated task force have been set up to eradicate the threat of poaching from these reserves. Ranthambore National Park is a glorious example in this regards.

In Legends and Culture

Tiger has always held a place of prominence in Indian culture. It is one of the animals to be featured in the famed Pashupati seal of the Indus Valley Civilization. In Hindu mythology and Vedic era, the tiger was a symbol of power. It was often depicted as the animal vehicle of the various forms of Goddess Durga. To endow an appropriate prominence as national animal, the Royal Bengal Tiger has been featured in Indian currency notes as well as postage stamps.

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