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Aeminium Coimbra Analysis Essay

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Title: The forums of Conimbriga and Aeminium: comparison and summary of the state of the art.
Authors: Alarcão, Jorge de
Carvalho, Pedro C.
Silva, Ricardo Costeira
Keywords: Forum
1st century architectural models
reconstruction of architectural models.
Aeminium
Conimbriga
Issue Date: Dec
Publisher: Universidad de Salamanca.
Abstract: This paper presents the forums of the Roman cities of Conimbriga (Condeixa-a-Velha, Portugal) and Aeminium (Coimbra, Portugal), both of which date from the time of Augustus. The Aeminium forum was completely rebuilt in the time of Claudius/Nero, while the Conimbriga one was remodelled in the same period, before being demolished under the Flavians to make way for a completely new construction. This article offers a state-of-the-art comparison of the architectural models used in these two cities, based on the analysis and review of the available data, partly supplied by recent archaeological excavations. The geographic and chronological proximity of these two forums mean that it is of interest to compare their architectural design, which differ considerably in aspects such as volumetry, layout and the conceptual model used. The article discusses the proposals for the development of the Conimbriga forum and indicates an up-to-date bibliography for both public spaces, resulting, in the case of Aeminium, from a large-scale research and intervention project carried out in recent years.
Peer review: yes
URI: http://woaknb.wz.sk//
DOI: http://woaknb.wz.sk//zephyrus
ISSN: 
Appears in Collections:FLUC Secção de Arqueologia - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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Medieval pottery from the forum of Aeminium (Coimbra, Portugal) – a proposal of chrono-typological evolution.

Several archaeological interventions at the Machado de Castro National Museum, once the forum and more Several archaeological interventions at the Machado de Castro National Museum, once the forum and cryptoportico of the Roman city of Aeminium, allowed the identification of several archaeological contexts, created by landfilling and the burial of negative structures, dating between the end of the 9th century and the beginning of the 13th century, and the recovery of a large pottery assemblage. This paper discusses a preliminary approach to the materials, characterized by varied technical, formal and stylistic solutions. Overall, they point towards a close coexistence and assimilation of southern Islamic traits, associated and combined with northern Christian influences. On the other hand, it can be stated that, throughout the studied period, the evolution of pottery characteristics does not simultaneously reproduce the abrupt political and religious changes that the city was subjected to. As várias intervenções arqueológicas realizadas no espaço do Museu Nacional de Machado de Castro, outrora o fórum e criptopórtico da cidade romana de Aeminium, permitiram identificar vários contextos, associados a níveis de aterro e de colmatação de estruturas em negativo, datados entre os finais do século IX e os inícios do século XIII, onde foi possível exumar uma considerável colecção de materiais cerâmicos. Neste texto pretende-se efectuar uma abordagem, ainda que preliminar, a este espólio que apresenta uma diversidade de soluções ao nível técnico, formal e estilístico e que aponta para uma estreita convivência e assimilação de características do mundo islâmico meridional associadas e combinadas a outras de influência cristã setentrional. Por outro lado, poderá constatar-se que a evolução daquelas características ao longo deste hiato temporal não acompanha em simultâneo as alternâncias políticas e religiosas bruscas a que a cidade esteve submetida.

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